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Access to Justice for Rohingya and Host Community in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh


The overall aim of this report is to inform protection rule of law programming for IRC


The primary research was undertaken in Cox’s Bazar District in Bangladesh from November 2018 to January 2019. This assessment focused on Ukhia and Teknaf upazilas (sub districts) and covered both camps and off-camp populations (host community). Qualitative data was collected through in-depth Key Informant (KI) interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGD).

Key findings: 

1. Reliance on and preference for informal justice is clear for both Rohingya and host community.
2. Very limited access to formal justice for Rohingya refugees living in the camps.
3. Both Rohingya and the host communities feel there is minimal shared recourse and by extension no effective solution available for inter-community conflicts.
4. Inter-partner violence is incredibly pervasive within the Rohingya community.
5. Refugees who arrived after 2016 have weaker links to the formal governance mechanisms and are less aware of how to access formal justice than UNHCR-registered refugees.
6. Current informal justice mechanisms are reinforcing harmful gender power dynamics affecting both communities; refugees and host community.
7. Humanitarian actors have significant influence on the Rohingya refugees' ability to access justice.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
01 Nov 2018 to 31 Jan 2019
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Focus group discussion
Population Type(s): 
Host communities
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
International Rescue Committee
Cox's Bazar
Bangladesh: Rohingya Refugee Crisis 2017-2019