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Insecurity as a result of ongoing clashes between government and non-state forces in Hilmand, Uruzgan, Kandahar and Zabul dominates the operational humanitarian landscape in the Southern Region.  Large swathes of rural districts in the region are under the control of non-state actors and insecurity and armed clashes contribute to an operationally challenging humanitarian environment.
Shrinking humanitarian space throughout the region defined the 2016 response with most humanitarian operations limited to provincial capitals. However, some successful assessments and humanitarian activities are ongoing in non-government controlled areas of the region; successes the Humanitarian Regional Team (HRT) aims to build on in 2017.
With an increase in undocumented and refugee returnees, the HRT established a Returnee Response Coordination Meeting to ensure that assessments are planned and conducted in areas of high return and sufficient services and assistance are provided to returnees during the registration and transit process. 
Humanitarian partners regularly meet to ensure rapid and effective emergency response to civilians displaced by the ongoing conflict, with 2016 seeing over 115,000 civilians displaced throughout the region.