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Approximately 55,000 individuals live in 52 informal settlement sites across Kabul. Most inhabitants of the Kabul Informal Settlements (KIS) are returnees from Pakistan and Iran, or internally-displaced people (IDPs) fleeing conflict, insecurity or human rights abuses in their provinces of origin. Unfortunately, these sites suffer from insufficient hygiene and sanitation, lack of accessible and clean water, poor shelter and the constant threat of eviction.

In light of the harsh winters experienced in Kabul, the KIS taskforce initiated winter preparedness planning to mitigate the potential negative impact of low temperatures and snowfall. A joint needs assessment was conducted in November 2015 across all of the settlements. The assessment found that 48% of the 7,892 households are severely food insecure. Assistance was focused on the most vulnerable families. WFP committed to assist 4,677 families through electronic vouchers (e-cards), Terre des Hommes assisted 376 families through cash for food, the National Federation of UNISCO Association of Japan aimed provided assistance to 440 families with one-month food rations. The Danish Refugees Council distributed cash for food and fuel to 1,588 families, Welthungerhilfe distributed firewood to 4,798 families, and Islamic Relief distributed firewood to 1,460 families. 

The winter assistance provided by the humanitarian community is responsive in nature, and aims to alleviate the immediate humanitarian needs. Long term durable solutions including rural development, urban planning, and housing and property rights, must be sought in order to adequately and effectively reduce vulnerability and further suffering.

The full assessment report can be downloaded here.