While seasonal forecasts anticipate above-average temperatures and average to below-average precipitation for the October 2016 to May 2017 wet season, winter has arrived early in the North and Western regions, and periods of severe weather may be experienced in areas with higher elevations and extreme conditions.
Between 2012-2016, 55,450 people have been affected by weather-related natural disasters - mainly avalanches (16,250) and heavy snowfall (39,200) - across 24 provinces, predominantly impacting the Central Region (20,000) and Badakhshan, Ghor and Badghis, the latter of which are now hosting large numbers of IDPs in 2016.
To date, 13 districts across three provinces (Badakhshan, Faryab and Jawzjan) have already been cut off as a result of the weather with districts in a further 11 (Takhar, Baghlan, Samangan, Balkh, Sar-I-Pul, Badghis, Ghor, Daykundi, Bamyan, Parwan and Panjsher) estimated to be so in the next month. Humanitarian partners with historical caseloads in these areas have already developed contingency plans to ensure that populations receive adequate support over this period, including prepositioning.
Kabul Informal Settlements
The Kabul Informal Settlement Taskforce is re-verifying the estimated 8,500 families in 50 settlement sites to validate the total caseload and identify the most vulnerable according to agreed criteria. WFP will provide a one-month food ration to 5,000 families, while ADRA and DRC will provide fuel packages in cash and in-kind to 5,050 families. ACF is also starting integrated
nutrition and health activities through mobile clinics in all sites.
WFP is pre-positioning food commodities for over 188,000 people in 60 districts across eight provinces in case of emergency. WHO has distributed Pneumonia kits to 98 priority district hospitals in 24 provinces covering 100,000 people. UNHCR is targeting over 50,000 vulnerable IDP, refugee, returnee and host families with a combination of blankets and fuel assistance; partners have a further 20,000 NFI kits and over 3,100 emergency shelter kits in stock. UNICEF has prepositioned 36,000 hygiene kits, including 8,000 in Kunduz, Mazar and Fayzabad, and plans to cover 50,000 families with winter clothes for children and 30,000 families with blankets. The Government will maintain road access, safe rooms on different priority road passes, and allocate provincial budgets for emergency response.