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Afghanistan EiEWG Humanitarian Response Sitrep: 14 March 2017 [Situation Report No. 3]

Humanitarian needs

 An EiE Needs Assessment conducted by ACTED in Nangarhar (Jalalabad, Rodat, Kamar, Kuz Kunar and Behsud) found that currently 62% of surveyed school aged children are not enrolled in schools. The top three reasons reported for children not attending school were security concerns, overcrowded classes, and a distance of over three kilometres for children to reach the school. When asked what types of activities could help their children return to education, respondents had varied responses with 29% reporting textbooks to be a major aid for children’s education and 15% identifying language classes in Dari as necessary to aid children’s return to education in Afghanistan.

 An EiE Needs Assessment conducted by NRC in Nangarhar (Jalalabad, Behsud, Kama, Kuz Kunar, Surkhod and Rodat), Laghman (Mihterlam and Qarghayi), Kunar (Asadabad, Khas Kunar and Sawki) and Kandarhar (Kandahar, Daman, Dand, Zharai, Panjwayee, and Arghandab) found that a majority of returnee and displaced children are deprived of education opportunities due to lack of access to formal schools because of long distance and overcrowded classes, poor economic conditions, early marriages (specially for girls), lack of proper documentation and fear of violence. Visits found that schools are overcrowded, lack learning spaces and text books, learning and teaching materials and WASH facilities. The assessment suggests to improve access to education through the provision of learning and teaching materials, text books and hygiene kits, provision of WASH facilities, establishment of CBE and ECE centers, provision of textbooks, classroom kits, provision and establishment of temporary learning spaces, schools improvement and renovations, recruitment of teachers, and student enrollment support to schools.

 A Joint Mission by Ministry of Education (MoE), UNHCR, UNICEF and the EiEWG to Kabul Formal (PD21) and Informal Settlements (Hussain Khil) found that most returnee and displaced children do not have access to education. Focus Group Discussions with community elders found that more than 4,000 school aged children in PD21 do not have access to education. Most children were enrolled in school in Pakistan before returning to Afghanistan. The need to resume education was highlighted by the elders as a community priority. Children are not able to access education, because the closest school is 6km away and due to transportation costs inaccessible. School tents, learning supplies, text books and incentive for teachers were some of the needs underlined by the community members. They also indicated the availability of potential teachers within the returnee communities. Focus Group Discussions with community representatives in Hussain Khail KIS found that schools are available in 1.5 to 2 KM distance. Despite the availability of schools, most children (~ 80%) are not able to access these schools due to the lack of documentation. Despite the waiver of Tazkera as a requirement for displaced and returnee children to enroll in school, documentation still seems to be required on a school level and to pose a barrier to education for children in communities. 

 A Joint Visit to the Encashment Centre in Kandahar in collaboration with UNCHR, IOM and other EiEWG partners found that educational and recreational activities are non-existence in the centre

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Children's Fund
Save the life
Original Publication Date: 
14 Mar 2017
Document type: 
Situation Report