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Afghanistan Weekly Humanitarian Update | 27 January to 02 February 2020

Northeast: Fighting and military operations affect access and result in several deaths

The security and humanitarian access situation remained uncertain due to localized skirmishes between the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and a Non-State Armed Group (NSAG) around Kunduz city and main roads affecting four provinces. Military activities, NSAG attacks on ANSF positions, clearing operations and house to house searches were also reported. Airstrikes in Wazirkhan village of Dasht-e-Archi district in Kunduz reportedly resulted in 5 deaths (2 women, 1 child and 2 men).

Road connections between Kunduz and other provincial capital cities were reportedly severely impeded. Following a needs assessment of internally displaced persons (IDPs), 31 new IDP families (217 people) were identified to be eligible for humanitarian assistance in Baghlan. Overall, 11,739 people received humanitarian assistance in Badakhshan, Takhar, and Baghlan provinces.  

East: Military operations in Sherzad District displaced some 3,500 people

Military operations in Sherzad District, Nangarhar province reportedly displaced of 500 families (approximately 3,500 people) to several locations within Sherzad District, Chamtala in Khogyani District, Surkhrod/Behsud districts and Jalalabad City. As of 30 January, 15,862 people were reached with multipurpose/conditional cash, winterisation kits, food rations, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), relief items and health care supplies. The majority of assistance consisted of winterisation support (cash for heating and food and agricultural supplies) provided through the Afghanistan Humanitarian Fund.

The assistance was distributed to 14,700 IDPs and 254 returnees and 910 people affected by natural disasters. Efforts continued to ensure that people displaced from Achin to Jalalabad city could be reunified with their family members under the auspices of local authorities. The 15 health facilities closed by an NSAG on 13 January remained closed and negotiations to address the situation are ongoing.

North: 1,400 displaced; fighting and airstrikes reported

During the reporting period, the number of security incidents increased in Balkh, Faryab and Jawzjan provinces. 1,400 people were displaced from several villages due to military operations in Shortepa district in Balkh province. Reportedly, some 200 families (1,400 people) could not access water in Bori and Noghaichi villages in Zari district, Balkh province as water was reportedly diverted in the Dahandara area. According to reports, six people were killed in Buka village, Balkh province by airstrikes. Seven civilians were reportedly wounded due to conflict between an NSAG and the ANSF in Almar and Qaysar districts in Faryab province.

Inter-agency assessment teams verified 1,029 IDPs affected by conflict in the North. 518 people received humanitarian assistance and 10,332 people in protracted displacement received winterisation aid in Balkh, Jawzjan and Faryab provinces.

South: 1,500 people displaced in southern districts of Hilmand

The security and access situation across the South remained challenging with increasing airstrikes, night search operations, Improvised Explosive Device (IED) attacks and targeted killings. Parties to the conflict are reportedly contributing to a challenging environment for humanitarians who are trying to deliver assistance to affected and hard-to-reach communities. Small to medium scale military operations in southern districts (Nawa-e-Barakzaiy and Nad-e-Ali/Marja) of Hilmand reportedly displaced more than 1,500 people from districts and neighbouring provinces to Nimroz. Fighting and airstrikes in Khakrez and Maywand districts, Kandahar province also reportedly displaced civilians, with the number of the IDPs yet to be confirmed.

In the reporting period, 1,309 people affected by flooding received assistance in Tirinkot district in Uruzgan province. while assessments were ongoing in Zabul, Hilmand, Uruzgan and Nimroz provinces. 

West: nearly 19,000 people displaced by conflict received assistance

18,913 people displaced by conflict received cash, food, hygiene and relief items from humanitarian partners in Badghis and Farah provinces. Specifically, 13,200 vulnerable drought-affected IDPs received food assistance in Badghis, 2,100 vulnerable people received cash to help them through the winter in Ghor province, and 217 people affected by recent floods in Hirat province received food, hygiene and relief items. The winterisation aid distribution which was temporarily delayed by local authorities in Badghis and Hirat has resumed.

Local authorities reviewed prevention and preparedness activities related to the Novel Coronavirus with the surveillance system being reported as functional while regular screening of travelers at entry points are ongoing.

Centre: Over 8,000 people received winter assistance

On 25 January, a grenade attack on a wedding party reportedly wounded 22 civilians in the Waris village area, Khost Province. On 29 January, a magnetic IED attached to a civilian vehicle detonated and reportedly killed one civilian and injured eight others in Gardez City, Paktya Province. Surobi District in Kabul province has become increasingly volatile due to an increasing number of NSAG attacks on ANSF positions resulting in the closure of a major highway. 

476 IDPs displaced by conflict received cash and WASH assistance in Khost province, while 8,792 people received seasonal food assistance in Musahi district of Kabul province and 7,695 people received winter assistances in Bamyan, Ghazni and Kabul provinces.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
03 Feb 2020
Document type: 
Situation Report
Location(s): 
Afghanistan
Theme(s): 
Public Information Unit
Public Information and Advocacy
Coordination hub(s): 
National Level Coordination