Afghanistan Weekly Humanitarian Update | 2 – 8 November 2020
Afghanistan Weekly Humanitarian Update | 2 – 8 November 2020
South: Humanitarian activities affected by fighting
Armed clashes between Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and a non-state armed group (NSAG) continued with airstrikes and Improvised Explosive Device (IED) detonations mainly in Kandahar, Hilmand, Zabul and Uruzgan provinces. The ongoing conflict has resulted in displacement and civilian casualties and is hindering the delivery of humanitarian assistance and services, particularly in hard-to-reach districts.
In Hilmand, movement in affected areas is restricted due the presence of IEDs. On 2 November, a roadside IED in Bolan, Lashkargah reportedly killed seven people and wounded two others. The main roads connecting Kandahar city to Panjwayi and Zheray are only partially open due to damaged culverts and the threat of IEDs. The presence of IEDs has also been reported on farms in Arghandab district. Three health facilities in Hilmand remain closed while nine others are partially open. Five Mobile Health Teams suspended their services in Maywand and Zheray districts affecting 20,000 people in hard-to-reach areas.
In Uruzgan, armed clashes were ongoing in the Dehrawud district. According to initial reports, 7,000 people were displaced within Dehrawud while the number of people displaced in Gizab is yet to be confirmed. All main roads to Dehrawud and Gizab are closed with people using alternate roads. On 4 November, the health facility in Gizab was closed due to ongoing fighting depriving 30,000 people of access to health services. Humanitarian activities have been suspended due to active fighting in Dehrawud and Gizab District Administrative Center, Uruzgan.
In Zabul province, 335 families (approximately, 2,345 people) were displaced to Qalat city due to ongoing fighting in Suray, Shinkay district. During the reporting period, 2,481 internally displaced persons (IDPs) were assisted by humanitarian actors in Kandahar and Hilmand with relief items, tents, food, water, sanitation and hygiene supplies. Assessments are ongoing in Kandahar, Uruzgan, Nimroz and Hilmand provinces.
West: 1,743 people identified to receive humanitarian assistance
Seven people were reportedly killed and 12 more wounded by IEDs in four provinces in the West. During the reporting period, 1,743 people affected by conflict were identified to receive humanitarian assistance in the coming days in Badghis province. Between 31 October and 5 November, 503 returnees received post-arrival assistance.
Centre: Intensified insecurity resulted in civilian casualties
A total of 32 civilians were reportedly killed and 48 injured due to complex attacks and roadside IEDs in Kabul, Khost, Paktya and Paktika provinces. On 8 November, eight civilians were reportedly killed and seven others wounded by mortars that landed near a residential area in the Naw Abad area in Ghazni city, Ghazni province. Some 770 people affected by floods received aid in Maidan Wardak province. In addition, 1,393 people received humanitarian assistance in Parwan and 770 vulnerable people received cash assistance in Logar province. A needs assessment is ongoing for a reported 2,390 people displaced by conflict in Kabul and Paktya provinces.
North-east: 11,704 people received humanitarian assistance
Clashes between ANSF and NSAGs continued causing a reported seven civilians killed and 51 wounded. Intense fighting was reported in Imam Sahib and Khanabad districts in Kunduz and Shuhada and Yaftal-e-Sufla districts in Badakhshan. Assessment teams identified 258 households (approximately 1,806 people) displaced by conflict in Baghlan, Kunduz and Takhar provinces to receive assistance in the coming days. Humanitarian assistance reached 1,672 households (approximately 11,704 people) affected by conflict in Badakhshan, Takhar and Kunduz provinces.
Impediments to the access of Health Teams in eight districts serving 20 per cent of the population in Badakhshan province have significantly increased. Discussions are underway with different partners to address this operational constraint.
East: 1,600 people displaced by fighting
On 5 November, 200 families (approximately 1,400 people) were reportedly displaced in Nazyan district, Nangarhar province due to ongoing clashes between the ANSF and NSAG. On 8 November, humanitarians started needs assessments. On 5 November, 17 families (approximately 200 people) were reportedly displaced from Hilmand province to Behsud district, Nangarhar province. Some of the IDPs were provided with immediate medical aid and 1,309 people were identified to receive humanitarian assistance in the coming days.
A total of 25,480 people received humanitarian assistance including IDPs, undocumented returnees, and people who received food aid as part of the COVID-19 response. 203 families (about 1,421 people) affected by the August flood in Kuz Kunar and Rodat districts in Nangarhar province received cash for shelter construction. A total of 7,963 returnees, IDPs and people from host communities were reached with emergency outpatient health services and 6,844 children were vaccinated for polio and measles.
North: 782,560 children vaccinated against polio
Armed clashes continued between ANSF and an NSAG mainly in Balkh, Faryab, Sar-e-Pul, Jawzjan and Samangan provinces and reported security incidents increasing compared to the previous week.
Interagency teams verified 1,701 people displaced by conflict to receive humanitarian assistance in Balkh, Faryab and Sar-e-Pul provinces. 1,890 people in protracted displacement, host communities and recent returnees from Iran received cash assistance and COVID-19 prevention information in Maymana city, Faryab province. 62 sites such as universities, schools and government offices were disinfected against COVID-19, while three handwashing facilities were installed in Maymana city. The Polio National Immunization Days (NIDs) campaign from 26 to 30 October in all five provinces in the north provided OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) for 782,560 children under five.
Funding update: AHF launches 6th Reserve Allocation
The Afghanistan Humanitarian Fund (AHF) has completed the 5th Reserve Allocation. US$14.3 million was disbursed to 35 projects for shelter, health, protection, WASH, education and food as part of the winterization and COVID-19 responses. A 6th Reserve Allocation for an additional $14 million has been launched to support 27 new shelter, food, protection, education and nutrition projects.