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Afghanistan Weekly Humanitarian Update | 18 - 25 August 2019

North and Northeast: Clashes and displacement

On 18 August, Non-State Armed Groups (NSAG) attacked bases of Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) on the Mazar-Shiberghan highway in Balkh District (Sharsharak Area) and in Chahar Bolak District (Khanabad and Mergan Tepa areas). Such attacks continue to cause interruptions in the delivery of humanitarian supplies for people in need and the suspension of road missions. Also on 18 August, heavy armed clashes between NSAGs and ANDSF were reported in Sholgara (Seyab village) and Zari district (District Administrative Center) in Balkh. Humanitarian partners have received initial reports about displacement of civilians from Seyab village to surrounding villages that will be verified in the coming days.

During the past week, inter-agency teams verified 980 conflict-induced IDPs (140 families) across the North region displaced by ANDSF and NSAG fighting over the past three months. Their needs will be assessed, and assistance provided. In addition, since 21 August, humanitarian partners provided aid to 1,239 conflict-induced IDPs (177 families) in Maymana City in Faryab province. DACAAR distributed hygiene kits and WASH items, SCI mobile health teams provided health services and WFP and SCI distributed NFIs and food.

Similarly, in the Northeast, conflict, and displacement continued apace. Military operations in Eshkmesh district of Takhar have caused displacement of 1,000 families in Kunduz, 521 families in Taloqan City and more than 500 families in Eshkmesh District Centre. Inter-agency assessments verified 2,590 vulnerable IDPs in Kunduz, Baghlan, Badakhshan and Takhar provinces to receive assistance.

East: Ongoing conflict and humanitarian access updates

On account of threats, intimidation, ongoing conflict and shelling across the East, a further 1,036 individuals (148 families) were reportedly displaced during the past week. This included 364 people (52 families) in Nangarhar, 168 people (24 families) in Kunar and in Laghman, 504 people (72 families). Between 15 and 20 August, an additional 50 people were displaced in Kunar (Shigal District) due to six cross-border shelling incidents that included an estimated 491 mortar rounds that hit locations in Dangam, Sar Kani, and Shigal Wa Sheltan districts. Houses were damaged and livestock was killed.

During the week, humanitarian assistance reached 1,421 individuals (203 displaced families) received packages of food rations, NFIs, health, and hygiene in Nangarhar and Kunar provinces. Specifically, in terms of health, analysis of the recent low-profile national immunization campaign shows that around 984,396 under five-year-old children received polio vaccines. However, due to access constraints that are more pronounced in contested areas in the East, approximately 200,234 children could not be reached.

After a ban that stretched on for more than a year, on 20 August 2019, routine EPI/immunization services resumed in Noorgal BHC in Kunar Province. Some 2,995 children under five now have access to routine EPI/immunization. Also in the East, during the past month, UNICEF and partners screened a total of 2,563 children under five for malnutrition. A total of 119 new SAM and 364 MAM cases were detected among IDPs, returnees, host community families in Nangarhar Province. The malnutrition cases were enrolled for treatment and further management. Outpatient services in the East continue to prioritise IDPs and returnees and served more than 4,240 people during the past week.

Centre: Education interrupted for 700 students in Kabul

On 20 August, a girls’ high school was set on fire in Boi Hazar Nasiri village in Shakar Dara District in Kabul. Education was interrupted for 700 girls. The Ministry of Interior has accused NSAG of carrying out the attack but no group has claimed responsibility.

According to UNICEF the ongoing conflict and rapidly deteriorating security situation across the country left around 722 schools closed as of July 2019.

West: Security situation deteriorates in Farah and Ghor

The security situation in Farah and Ghor provinces continue to deteriorate. Targeted killings by NSAG of civilians with links to pro-Government militia are frequent in both provinces and a number of night raids have been carried out in Farah City during the past week. This is in addition to frequent ambushes and illegal road blocks. On 20 August, a road mission by Ghor Department of Public Health (DoPH) to monitor health facilities in Dawlatyar District was apprehended by NSAG. The four DoPH staff detained were released but the driver and vehicle are still being held. Access to health facilities in the district is affected as a result of the incident.

In spite of the security challenges, humanitarian assistance continues in Farah and Ghor. In Ghor during the past week, ACF distributed cash for food to 402 people (67 families) and hygiene kits to 222 people (37 families) and UNHCR distributed NFIs and female hygiene kits to 402 people (67 families). In Farah, joint teams assessed 1,388 people (233 families) and identified 526 people (89 families) in need. WFP, DRC, and DACAAR will take the lead to respond accordingly. 

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
27 Aug 2019
Document type: 
Situation Report
Location(s): 
Afghanistan
Theme(s): 
Public Information Unit
Public Information and Advocacy
Coordination hub(s): 
National Level Coordination