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Education in Emergencies Response Plan for Afghanistan

1. Context

1.1 Overview of Education Sector

The Constitution of Afghanistan (Article 22) proclaims that ‘education is the right of all citizens of Afghanistan. The Education System in Afghanistan has been severely affected by over 30 years of conflict and this has had a detrimental effect on overall attendance, particularly for girls’ participation in education. The Back-to-school campaign conducted in 2002 registered tremendous increase in school enrolment in Afghanistan.

In the primary and secondary sub-sector, enrolment increased from about 900,000 children, almost all boys, in 2001 to over 9.2 million in 2016 of which 39% are girls. The number of schools across the country increased from an estimated 4,300 in 2001 to around 17,480 in 2016. Furthermore, the survival rate to grade five for girls increased significantly from 20% in 2001 to 63% in 2014; slight improvements can be observed in Gender Parity Index (GPI) as well as a slight increase in the proportion of female teachers, from 31% in 2011 to 33% in 2016. Access to school continues to be a major challenge and an estimated 3.5 million children of primary school-age are out of school, the majority of them being girls (75%).

Global Education Cluster
Original Publication Date: 
29 Jan 2017
Document type: