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Afghanistan Common Humanitarian Fund 2016 Annual Report

Humanitarian Context:

In Afghanistan, 2016 was a year marked by a series of disturbing developments. By the end of the year, some 652,000 Afghans had fled their homes due to conflict, 620,000 had returned to Afghanistan following a deterioration in the protection environment in Pakistan, and 11,418 civilians had been either killed (3,498) or injured (7,920) as a result of fighting between Afghan and pro-government forces and Non State Armed Groups (NSAGs).

The humanitarian situation in 2016 was defined by the increase in the geographical spread and intensity of the conflict, with more intense ground confrontations between government forces and NSAGs in civilian populated areas as well as aerial operations supported by the international military. In 2016, 33 out of 34 provinces experienced some form of ground fighting, and correspondingly, a record 229 districts – more than half of the country – reported conflict-induced displacements. Women and children in particular paid a heavy price for the conflict, with the latter making up one third of all civilian casualties, a jump of 24 per cent on those in 2015. Along with the unprecedented high numbers of civilian casualties, 2016 saw continued restricted access to health and education facilities with 119 conflict-related incidents targeting healthcare workers and clinics, including nine cases of military occupation or use of healthcare facilities by armed forces.

In addition to the ongoing trend of increasing levels of internal displacement, from July onwards a surge in returnee populations of both registered and undocumented Afghans, mainly from Pakistan, prompted the launch of a US$152 million Flash Appeal – One Million People on the Move – and the activation of the CHF Reserve Allocation and the Central Emergency Response
Fund (CERF) Rapid Response Fund to provide overstretched partners with additional resources and capacity. Complimentary humanitarian interventions directed towards returnee and Internally Displaced Population (IDP) included the provision of multipurpose cash grants, Emergency Shelter - Non Food Item (ES-NFI) support (including tents, blankets and kitchen equipment), food assistance and transportation support.

In alignment with the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) of 2016, the majority of humanitarian assistance was delivered through the provision of life-saving medical care and emergency supplies of food, Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and shelter to an unprecedented number of displaced, both internally and cross border. A significant proportion of the displaced were supported
with multipurpose cash grants enabling them to decide for themselves how best to meet their needs. In a context of likely increased IDP and returnee trends in 2017, it will be crucial that response and preparedness efforts link to longer-term initiatives that build community resilience – including risk analysis, capacity mapping

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
16 Aug 2017
Document type: 
Annual Report
Location(s): 
Afghanistan
Theme(s): 
Humanitarian Financing
Coordination hub(s): 
National Level Coordination