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Rapid food security and livelihoods assessment of protracted IDPs

The objective of this assessment is to get a clear understanding of issues met by prolonged IDPs vulnerable households in terms of food security, livelihoods and hazards and identify feasible actions to improve their situation. The specific objectives are: • To assess the main constraints of households and the root causes of chronic food insecurity • To evaluate the feasibility of the overall FSL program and its activities, in terms of adaptation to the local context and interest shown by the communities • Assess and identify existing and potential marketable opportunities for vocational skills within Lashkargah, targeting various sectors of the economy.
Stratified sampling methodology was used with the following two groups: • Prolong conflict induced IDPs assisted through ERM during May 2015 – December 2016. • Prolonged IDPs impacted by natural disaster and conflict living Mukhtar IDP camp.
Key findings: 
Food Security: The data for this assessment was collected during May and corresponding to wheat and poppy harvesting seasons where the majority of people are involved and potentially can gain good income, which positively impact food security of targeted population. Therefore, this data is not fully comparable in terms of the seasonality. The results of this assessment shows that food security based on some indicators (food expenditure share, livelihoods coping strategies and food consumption score) is a great challenge without a sustainable solution enabling IDPs to access regular sources of income, it is expected that IDPs would increasingly need humanitarian assistance. Priority need: The IDPs were asked to indicate their top three priority needs to be addressed. While some respondents reported specific long-term needs (such as employment), the most common responses across the IDPs referred to immediate needs such as food assistance, safe drinking water and shelter support. Food remained a top priority going forward for almost 85 % of the IDPs. When disaggregating by the 2 areas surveyed, variation was found in terms of priority needs. Whereas the first priority primarily reflected short term needs, the most commonly reported priority need, employment, reported by of IDPs, was related to long-term planning. Shocks: According to the survey data, 99 % of the Lashkargah protracted conflict IDPs experienced at least 1 shock6, 94% experienced 2 shocks, and 66% experienced 3 shocks in the past 12 months. 97% surveyed households in Mukhtar IDPs camp experienced at least 1 shock, 82% experienced 2 shocks, and 54% experienced 3 shocks in the past 12 months. Loses of employment and loses of income remained the major shocks for both IDP communities. Lashkargah protracted IDPs main source of income was Agriculture prior to displacement and after displacement strongly relied on Lashkargah market labor which was the main source of income for Mukhtar IDPs households. Theft and looting was also one of the major shock, specifically for Lashkargah IDPs, the FGD revealed that IDPs household forced to leave their houses due to conflict have lost their household assets and being looted. Livestock: The survey revealed that almost 50% of the surveyed households have livestock, mainly poultry. Furthermore the livestock rearing (poultry) is one of the desired skill for women and some women already have skills of animal bearing through which they can earn money. If the vocational trainings together the means are provided for women on livestock, their living conditions might improve.
Sample size: 
Total sample size for the whole survey was 147 + 138 = 285.
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
09 May 2017 to 29 May 2017

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Field Interview
Population Type(s): 
Displaced population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Action against Hunger