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Muzdur: A situation analysis of child exploitation A situation analysis of child exploitation A situation analysis of child exploitation (Tahar province, Afghanistan)

Subject/Objective: 
The main objectives of the research were to collect, describe, and analyse data on the characteristics, nature, incidence and the welfare implications of child labour and of the worst forms of child labour in Rustaq district. The study seeks to raise awareness about the issue of child labour and to identify future child protection mechanisms and response to child rights’ abuse.
Methodology: 
The research was conducted in 19 villages of Rustaq area (Takhar province). In addition to desk review, qualitative and quantitative data were collected through semi-structured interviews targeting children, employers and families. As well, extensive consultations with stakeholders such as Shuras3, elders and government officials – were conducted, using a participatory approach and respecting Tdh child safeguarding policy principls.
Key findings: 
An estimate of 25 % of children in Rustaq area are working: child labour being a consequence of extreme poverty and hunger, especially in remote areas. Children interviewed were aged between 6 to 17, majority hired as labourers, shepherds and farm workers and only 60% residing with their family (others staying with their employers or at workplace). The main form of child labour in Rustaq is “Khirta”5: mostly boys aged 7 to 10, usually living with their employers, paid on an annual basis and not allowed to go to school. “Khirta” can be considered as an example of worst form of child labour and made up 35% of the children interviewed in the research. Other categories of child labour are the ones working for daily wage, the ones working in the streets and more rarely those working in skilled settings. Among the children surveyed: - only 25% of male and 33% of female are literate and attending school; - One third of male workers and half of the female report to have worked for more than 6 months during the previous year, more than 50% of male and 20% of female are working 7 days a week; - More than half of the children aged 12 to 17 reveal that they work in hazardous conditions (few breaks, long hours in the sun, lifting heavy weights, being exposed to falling objects, risk of being burnt, etc.); - 31% of all children report being object of cursing, scolding and reprimands, with some of them reporting physical and sexual abuses; - Children wages are low and irregular (ranging from 8 to 58 USD/month, girls being paid less), 20% report not having been treated properly by their employers (while 26% prefer not to reply to the question); - Finally 54% of male and 20% of female have fallen sick in the last months.
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Not Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
01 Jun 2015 to 31 Jul 2015
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Individuals
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
Children
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Terre des hommes Foundation
Location(s): 
Takhar