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LOCUST INFESTATION ASSESSMENT

Subject/Objective: 
1. To assess the scale of damage caused by locust infestation on the crop (expected harvest); 2. To assess food security implications of the locust infestation at household level and to estimate the food gap in order to plan an appropriate and timely intervention. 3. To better understand the condition of posture and the availability of livestock feed (fodder); 4. To learn more on the longer term effects of the locust e.g. negative coping mechanisms used by households; 5. To assess the community access to food through reliable markets;
Methodology: 
Sampling: Considering lack of updated village list, number of households and population at community level and also keep in mind that some of the affected communities may not be reachable due to security reason all the affected communities (30) reported were sampled along with 10 percent of households in each affected community, using random sampling techniques. Due to security issues, only 12 affected communities were reached and 95 households out of 976 were interviewed.
Key findings: 
1. Forty one percent of population are currently severely food insecure, while the other 28 percent are moderately food insecure and only 31 percent are food secure. Fifty two percent of them have poor food consumption and 27 percent are using high level of coping. 2. Locust infestation had negative impact on crop production especially the wheat crop and people will not be able to cope with this situation without external aid. 3. Locust infestation’s high periodicity requires attention to support people in future. 4. Due to high loss of wheat crop, the majority of affected people are in need of wheat seed for the upcoming cultivation season. 5. Decreased level of local fodder due to locust infestation and its inflated price will turn into a more serious challenge during winter time where people may have to sale some of the remaining livestock as well. This will harm people in the long run as livestock tends to be the second livelihood component in the area under study. 6. Reduced level of local production and difficulties in renewing market supply during winter will cause further inflation in staple food price. 7. Reduced level of income and increased prices for main food commodities will weaken households’ purchasing power and thus, will further worsen food insecurity and poverty in the area. 8. In response to the current shock (locust infestation), people reported relying on a series of coping strategies such as taking loan, sale of livestock, migration and selling land, most of which are considered harmful and will deteriorate their already unstable livelihoods in the long term. 9. Access to improved water sources and sanitation facilities is lacking in most of the assessed communities. Use of solid fuel for cooking by 96 percent of households is a major food utilization factor.
Sample size: 
Due to security issues, only 12 affected communities were reached and 95 households out of 976 were interviewed.
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Not Available
Contact(s): 
Javed Khan
javedkhan.bazargkheil@fao.org
+93 73 042 4242 (Mobile)
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
20 Sep 2016

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Community
Collection Method(s): 
Field Interview
Population Type(s): 
Displaced population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
World Food Programme
Participating Organization(s): 
Afghanaid
Government of Afghanistan - Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock
Catholic Relief Services
Government of Afghanistan - Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
Location(s): 
Dawlatyar
Theme(s): 
Needs Assessment