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Food Security Assessment in informal settlement of Kabul & Nangarhar (January 2017)

The overall objective of this assessment was to determine the level of food security in informal settlements in Kabul and Nangarhar. In doing so, it seeks to identify the main demographic characteristics of households in informal settlements in each of the two provinces and outline the key food security vulnerabilities of these households, focusing on IDP and returnee populations where possible. Specifically, using food security analysis tools outlined below, the assessment identified relationships between key vulnerabilities and consequential food insecurities.
In December 2016, REACH launched the food security assessment of informal settlements across the provinces of Kabul and Nangarhar, in collaboration with the Afghanistan Food Security Cluster. The purpose was to better understand the security needs of vulnerable households residing within informal settlements in the two sub-populations. Data collection at the household level took place between 15th and 29th January 2017, sampling from 56 settlements in Kabul and 29 in Nangarhar, housing IDP, returnee or both populations.
Key findings: 
This section outlines the main results of this assessment. Initially, the key demographics and socio-economic characteristics of the population groups within the informal settlements are presented. This includes the identification of general vulnerabilities of households, helping to capture the nature and composition of informal settlements in Kabul and Nangarhar provinces. Following this, by an in-depth analysis of the specific food vulnerabilities, coping strategies and needs of households in the settlements. This includes discussion on the key relationships between food security status and income source, expenditure, food access and key identified vulnerabilities, largely in line with WFP’s Kabul Informal Settlement Winter Needs Assessment.9 Consequently, changes in the level of food security within informal settlements in Kabul in the last year can be identified. Where statistically possible, analysis also moves beyond this comparison by specifically highlighting the different vulnerabilities of IDPs and returnees in an informal settlement setting, providing an understanding of the food-based dynamics of these vulnerable groups.
Sample size: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Available on Request
Assessment Data: 
Available on Request
Assessment Date(s): 
31 Jan 2017
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Other location: 
Informal Settelments
Food/Nutrition Crisis