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WASH Need Assessment Survey Report for IDPs in Ghazni Province Afghanistan (2-6 April 2017)

Subject/Objective: 
The overall objective of the assessment was to identify the unmet needs of the conflict affected population in 8 villages (Hayder Abad, Shehrak, Naw Abad, Tawhead Abad, Pashtun Abad, Sahadat, Qala Meeri and Qala Shahada of Ghazni center in Ghazni Province, focusing on WASH needs of affected population (age, gender and vulnerability) in accordance with Sphere standards age markers. The specific objectives of the assessment were as follows: • To establish a good understanding of the entire humanitarian crisis by effective consultations with affected population to grasp the context. • To assess the emergency WASH needs of the conflict affected population of 8 villages of Ghazni center in Ghazni Province. • To ascertain the various types of assistance provided to affected population by different actors and identify possible gaps. • To identify most vulnerable segments of affected population according to gender, age and vulnerability and understand the challenges being faced by them. • To provide recommendations for immediate actions needed to assist the disaster affected population of Ghazni center.
Methodology: 
Sampling Ghazni center was covered for the assessment, which are currently, not receiving assistance. During the needs assessment 8 villages were reached by the assessment teams. Out of a total of 496 families, 15% families were taken as sample size. The total number of questions for each family was 21. The respondents were randomly selected from the village population. Recognizing the traditional and conservative culture in the area, the team made sure to incorporate interviews with women headed households in the assessment process. Therefore, the team tried to interview such households through ‘deliberate sample selection’ wherever possible. The types of respondents selected were men, women and children of IDP families and consultation with community elders and host families.
Key findings: 
Findings – WATER Water Sources and accessibility According to the assessment results, there are different types of water sources in the villages assessed. These sources are unprotected tube wells, hand pumps, water trucking on payment, protected wells and open ponds. 45% of families residing with host communities reported that they collect water from tube wells but due to the large number of users from one collection point, this process takes many hours. Those who wait till late reported that water quality appears to be turbid and possibly contaminated (Direct observation & Community feedback). The community is using the underground water which is not safe for drinking. Human waste and animal waste has contaminated the water sources. The IDP population in general and women in particular do not have access to water for bathing and cleaning. Women have specific needs which they do not access to at present. 11 % of the total families surveyed responded that they pay money for water trucking and fuel for generator to draw water from the well. Findings – SANITATION According to the data in 8 villages assessed the sanitation facilities in the area is not very encouraging. According to 46% respondents there is no latrine, 54% respondents there is latrine, but using by more than 6 families at the residential units of IDPs for all groups. All groups including elderly, women, men and children practice open defecation around their residential units which was observed by the assessment team as well. In addition, there are no bathing and hand washing spaces for men and women. 24% of respondents reported the presence of one latrine which happened to be a traditional simple pit latrine. Only 6% reported the presence of a pour flush latrine. 94% of respondents reported that there are no hand washing facilities available. 64% reported the non-availability of bathing spaces. 36 % available bathing spaces are not enough and are insecure for women use. Most of the women reported that they bathe in the open after dark which is very harsh in extreme cold and is also unsafe. Households where simple pit latrines are available are not according to sphere standards and the main responsibility for cleaning is with women. Findings – HYGIENE According to the data collected and analyzed from 8 villages, latrines are not used by the majority of men, women and children. Less than 200g of soap for personal hygiene per person per month soap for hand washing is available in only 66% households due to inability of buying soap. Hand washing and bathing facilities are also not available at 61% of area visited by the assessment team. 63% of population with large numbers of children do not wash their hands with soap after defecation and before eating.
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Contact(s): 
Amir Khan Sabari
sabari@un.org
+93793001148 (Mobile)
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
02 Apr 2017 to 06 Apr 2017
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
Displaced population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Participating Organization(s): 
Coordination of Afghan Relief
Location(s): 
Ghazni
Theme(s): 
Internally Displaced People (IDPs)