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Durable solutions assessment for protracted IDPs in Minaret, Hirat city, Hirat

Subject/Objective: 

Durable solutions assessment for protracted IDPs settlements in Minaret, Hirat city, Hirat

Key findings: 

• The overwhelming majority of families in Minaret are conflict induced IDPs, none are returnees
• 74% of families in Minaret were found to be severely food insecure, whilst a further 24% are moderately secure. Urgent action is required
• Although there are two government health clinics in the vicinity, issues of affordability, overcrowding and a lack of medications are significant barriers to IDPs accessing adequate health care. Water borne diseases such as hepatitis A and B, skin rashes and eye infections are prevalent. Issues of public health are compounded by inadequate water and sanitation facilities (significantly in Camp 1).
• Lack of access to civil documentation is a significant impediment to children being enrolled in schools beyond Class 3. Issues of language, lack of familiarity with the local curriculum and stigma surrounding IDPs further contribute to low enrolment rates. A full 55% of all families do not have any members that have attended schooling.
• The majority of families (N=195) have no tenure agreement, whilst a further 155 rely on verbal agreements. Multiple eviction threats as well as government prohibitions on constructing new/repairing existing shelters prevents residents from investing in the local area.
• The land is reported to belong to the Ministry of Defense, it also falls within the Monument and UNESCO Core Zone (Mussalah Complex) in the Herat Master Plan 2012.
• All houses are rammed earth, a significant number are in a state of disrepair, offering insufficient protection from the elements and vulnerable to weather events.
• The majority of heads of families are engaged in daily wage labor or other insecure and seasonal forms of employment. Despite the location of Minaret in proximity to Herat city, transport represents a significant expense, with a large number of families unable to afford the cost of travelling longer distances.
• The majority of families intend to remain on site and integrate locally, security and a lack of livelihoods are the most prominent reasons for not returning to the place of origin.

Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
01 Sep 2016
Status: 
Draft / Preliminary Results
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Households
Collection Method(s): 
Field Interview
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
World Food Programme
World Food Programme
Participating Organization(s): 
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Location(s): 
Herat