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Drought Impact in Nimroz and Farah Household assessment

Methodology: 
RI selected top priority villages as ranked by CDCs, head of CDCs in each province and Provincial governor. Within these villages, RI identified the sample size, calculated on the basis of a formula, and selected the HHs to be interviewed randomly. A total sample of 478 HHs were surveyed: in Nimroz, 130 HH were assessed in Chakhansoor and 146 in Kang district; in Farah, 202 HHs were assessed in Lash Jowain district.
Key findings: 
Remote rural districts in Nimroz and Southern Farah are heavily impacted by the drought. The main effects are: - Destruction of agricultural livelihoods, both farming and animal husbandry; - Lack of water of acceptable quality to drink, cook and bathe; - Consequent diminution of means of subsistence in the villages; - Plummeting hygiene conditions; - Increase of diseases connected to drought and the effects of drought. 2. Health is a key concern for families, both in terms of the increase in number of members getting sick and the recurrence of the event per month, and in terms of the inaccessibility of the health clinics, located to several Km distance in most of the cases, not connected by roads and not served by public transport. 3. Further to that, the coexistence between animals and humans, brought and made closer by the scarcity of water available, might have consequence for the health of the population and might undermine progress achieved through “One health” projects. 4. Low quality of water is causing diseases to spread easily and weaker members of the population, namely children and elderly, to become ill more often. 5. Lack of water not only affects HHs’ liquidity, but also directly affects their main source of staple food: kitchen gardens, widely used in both provinces to provide the HH with basic nutrients. 6. Connected to points 4. And 5. above, malnutrition increased in both areas and cases are both reported by health facilities and families. Malnutrition is caused by food scarcity and by malabsorption of nutrients due to illness. 7. Next steps included in RI led drought consortium concept of operation (RI, ACF and MRCA) are designed to respond to the needs presented in the mission report (previously published and circulated) and this assessment. In short: - A multi-sector intervention is needed, with activities in one sector supporting the results in the other sectors; - Surge capacity to respond to the drought is needed, and requested by the government authorities themselves, directly and through the coordination system in the South Region (Kandahar); - Activities need to include mobile health teams, transportation for patients; nutrition intervention (outpatient) to tackle SAM and MAM; - Food security support to vulnerable families affected by the drought; - Support to farmers and animal owners in the form of animal feed, improved seeds and transfer of knowledge and technology; 17 - Water trucking to make water immediately available to populations in rural villages; - Improvement of water and sanitation infrastructure, to make water available where possible and decrease water source contamination; - Better resource management, through the implementation of existing technologies, and further research in the field.
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Not Available
Assessment Data: 
Not Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
20 Jun 2018 to 26 Jun 2018

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Households
Collection Method(s): 
Field Interview
Population Type(s): 
Elderly
Women
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Relief International
Location(s): 
Farah
Nimroz