Damage Assessment Report and Response Plan
Damage Assessment Report and Response Plan
The assessment aimed at proposing a set of recommendations to the decision makers in the fields of agriculture and food security for the implementation of programmes oriented towards the recovery and restoration of the livelihoods of the affected population.
At first, to steer the assessment, a taskforce group will be established for the design and implementation of the assessment.Around 7 to 9 agencies from Government, UN, and NGOs will be identified and selected based on their own interest and field of expertiseto support the exercise at national, provincial district and community/household level. A set of tools will be designed in consultation with the taskforce members and technical experts of FAO to carry out the assessment. These include: a) Seasonality and context analysis through review of secondary data/information related to agricultural damage, impact and response etc, b) Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with communities, c) Consultative meetings with UN, NGOs and government line technical department (PDMC/DAIL/MAIL/MEW),andd) interviews with households. In order to conduct the assessment a total of 15 enumerators will be required, to be identified by the Service Provider, who havegood experience on agriculture based data collection at household level, thus will require the experience to work with the communities. In order to guide, support (including data cleaning process) the enumerators, 4 supervisors will also be identified by the Service Provider. Enumerators will be selected with knowledge of the communities where data collection will occur. An orientation workshop will be organized by the Service Provider contracted by FAO in Mazarfor the enumerators and supervisors to trainthem about the HH questionnaires, FGD, consultative meetings guidance, timeline, and also to clarify roles and responsibilities within their duties during data collection.A clear guideline/checklist with clear content and objective will be developed and agreed by the taskforce prior to the facilitation in the ground.Inaddition, secondary data/information/report of various agencies will also be reviewed to enrich the results of the assessment.
In April/May 2014, the northern and north-eastern provinces of Afghanistan have been hit by severe flash flooding and landslides due to heavy rainfall and melting of spring snow, severely affecting the life and livelihood of the population in the region. According to the latest statistics from the United Nations (UN) Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Afghanistan, on 11 June 2014, a total of 20 506 households (approx. 140 000 individuals) in 27 provinces and 132 districts have been affected. The majority of the caseload (63%, or 12 862 families) is based in 15 districts of Baghlan, Balkh, Faryab, Jawzjan, Takhar, Samangan and Sar-e-pul provinces. The international community, in coordination with the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) and its provincial arm (Provincial Disaster Management Committee – PDMC), have been providing support for the immediate needs of the affected population through situation analysis, initial assessment and life-saving assistance. However, there is a need to determine the extent of the damage to the agricultural sector, and to identify the potential response to support the affected population to recover and restore their livelihoods. In collaboration with the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) members, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) and its provincial counterpart (DAIL), the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW), a rapid assessment on the damage of the agriculture sector has been planned, to be carried out as a matter of urgency. The rapid assessment focused on the key areas (agricultural livelihoods, cereal crops, perennial crops, vegetable pulses, fodder crops, livestock, forestry, posture, agriculture infrastructure to understand the extent of damages and magnitudes of impact on the agriculture sector. The assessment aims at proposing a set of recommendations to the decision makers in the fields of agriculture and food security for the implementation of programmes oriented towards the recovery and restoration of the livelihoods of the affected population. The assessment considered 105 of the worst affected villages (6 to 8 villages per district) in 15 districts of seven provinces. The survey has indicated that in these 105 villages, about US$136 million have been lost in the agriculture sub sector damages such as land damages, crop damages including cereal, vegetable, pulses, cash crops and fodder, orchards damages, forest and livestock losses. This requires immediate attention to provide recovery support to the affected communities in order to restore their agricultural livelihoods.