Humanitarianresponse Logo

Afghanistan Seasonal Food Security Assessment (SFSA) 2016

The 2016 Seasonal Food Security Assessment (SFSA) monitors changes in livelihoods and food security in the country, through a national survey conducted by the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) members in April- June 2015, at the peak of the lean season. It is the 4th in a series of annual food security surveys aiming at informing policy makers of the number, location and characteristics of vulnerable households. This year SFSA has wider coverage and reached to almost 330 districts of 34 provinces of the country.
The Seasonal Food Security assessment has been carried out each year by the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) in order to respond to the rapidly changing map of severe food security in Afghanistan. The SFSA 2016 primarily aims to: • Assess the food security situation in 34 provinces of Afghanistan, in particular, the number, location, and characteristics of food insecure households during the 2016 pre-harvest season; • Identify the nature of food insecurity (acute vs. chronic), its main causes including shocks and consequences in terms of coping strategies; • Provide data and information for updating the IPC, CHAP 2016 Mid-year Review, and inform emergency response programming, as relevant, for the July-December 2016 period. • Create a national Market database for market monitoring and to support cash and vouchers interventions.
Key findings: 
The main findings: Situation of food insecurity in Afghanistan remains stubbornly high, affecting 41% of the population borderline food insecure (11.3 million), out of which 6% (1.6 million) are severely food insecure. • Households are primarily affected by the economic slowdown, having resorted to negative coping strategies that are affecting their current and future capacity to access food, for example asset sales, unsustainable livestock sales, or school withdrawal. • The urban poor saw their food security and poverty level deteriorate faster than the rural poor. Explanations probably lie in more acute pressure on the labour market. • Altogether 48% of households report being affected by shocks. The most common shocks are economic, either price shocks, or loss of employment. 11% of households reported that either physical insecurity (8%), theft or loot (5%) or road blockades (5%) affected their capacity to access food. The earthquake affected 7% of the population surveyed, and floods around 10%. Those reporting that natural disasters affected their food security tend to be better-off households, with the poorest more likely to report economic shocks (unemployment, price shock) as the primary cause of food insecurity. The poorest are also more likely than other quintiles to be affected by food security shocks.
Sample size: 
200 households per district
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Available on Request
Assessment Date(s): 
01 Apr 2016 to 30 Jun 2016

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Field Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Participating Organization(s): 
World Food Programme