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1 Hirat Collective Site Rapid Assessment Report in Hirat Province (8 July 2018)

Subject/Objective: 
Inadequate rains and snowfall during 2015 and through to 2017 have led to a severe drought in parts of Afghanistan, including the provinces of Badghis and Ghor. Since around April 2018, many households have been displaced to Hirat, where they are predominantly settling in informal tented collective sites. As a slow-onset natural disaster, the humanitarian community’s usual emergency assessment and response mechanisms have proved inappropriate or inadequate for understanding and responding to this displacement, which has now become an acute emergency. In order to address the lack of information regarding basic details of the situation (numbers of families and individuals displaced; number and location of collective sites; assistance delivered already; and critical needs), NRC has conducted a rapid multi-sectoral assessment and mapping of identified sites. The objective of the assessment was to obtain a quick overview of the situation to help inform a strategic response to drought-induced IDPs in Hirat, and therefore this report cannot provide an exhaustive nor perfectly accurate picture of the needs and gaps. Moreover, spot-checks of sites (verifying information collected from 15% of the sites that were assessed) is currently taking place – therefore the data presented here must be considered preliminary rather than final results. Once NRC has verified and analysed all data a more comprehensive report will be shared, but in the meantime NRC is releasing this document so as to share as much information as possible as early as possible, in order to support planning for a response strategy among all stakeholders.
Methodology: 
An assessment team of 23 individuals (18 external numerators and 15 NRC staff) undertook the data collection on Sunday 8th July. They used Kobo devices to fill out an electronic survey consisting of closed and optional choice questions. For each site visited, the enumerators asked to speak to a key informant who could answer questions about the site in general (in 99% of cases this key informant self-identified as the ‘leader’ or ‘representative’ of the site). A key methodological decision in this assessment was the definition of ‘collective site’, whereby the dividing lines between different collections of tents are defined according to the social grouping of inhabitants – mainly based on village, or extended family. Enumerators identified separate collective sites by speaking to residents and elders or self-proclaimed ‘representatives’, and carefully observing the physical lay-out of tents and (where existing) physical dividing lines between groups of tents, such as boundary walls of unfinished compounds, diches, roads, etc. Each collective site was then treated as a separate unit for the purpose of the assessment.
Key findings: 
Available in the Report
Sample size: 
179
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
08 Jul 2018

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Individuals
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Norwegian Refugee Council
Location(s): 
Hirat
Theme(s): 
Natural Disasters