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Survey Report on Child Protection in the Context of COVID-19 in Somalia. May 2020

The report is the result of a  CP AOR collaboration with UNICEF. This CP Survey was carried out between the 9-15 April 2020 using a KoBo Toolbox (a suite of tools for field data collection for use in challenging environments).

The  Preliminary Report presents the findings and provides recommendations to actors on how to improve the CP and GBV service during COVID-19. Key findings are as follows;

  • Over one third of participating agencies (36%) reported an increase in sexual and gender-based violence, including rape. One partner has provided services to 13 survivors of rape.
  • More than half of the CP agencies (57%) reported an increase in physical violence. There has been increased exposure to violence, especially physical and emotional abuse as a result of caregivers and other adult family members becoming increasingly distressed and applying maladaptive coping mechanisms. Physical punishment is on the increase.
  • Impacts upon girls - 23% of agencies reported that girls were now more involved in domestic work like collecting water, cooking, gathering firewood, cleaning the house and washing clothes. They were now at higher risk of sexual exploitation and abuse and likely to not return to school.
  • Impacts upon boys - 29% of agencies stated that COVID-19 mitigation measures provided boys with more free time. Boys were more at risk of violence and social disobedience which posed risks to their safety and health as well as the safety of others.
  • More worryingly, 12% of respondents stated that boys are at a higher risk of recruitment by armed actors during this time.
  • 40% of children sent home from school are not staying at home. These children are playing games in the neighbourhood, playing in the streets, idling, working, or going to the madrassa instead of staying at home following school closures. In addition to missing out on education, there is increased exposure to conflict, sexual and economic exploitation. Furthermore, children living in IDP camps cannot observe physical distancing due to overcrowding in IDP camps.
  • Only 16% of children are undertaking online learning following school closure to mitigate the spread of COVID-19.
  • Increased psychological distress - 71% of partners reported that children are in psychological distress. All partners have witnessed increased fear and anxiety amongst children due to disruption of their daily routines. COVID-19 control measures instituted by the government, including closure of schools, including school-feeding programmes and the closure of child facilities and group activities have eroded childrens’ sense of protection and community support.
  • CP services have been critically disrupted - COVID-19 mitigation measures have reduced access to critical CP services. Only 5% of case management and 7% of Psychosocial Support services have been adapted to provide remote support for children confined to homes. As a consequence, significant numbers of children in need of case management services have been left without protection referrals, counselling, follow-up or support plans.
Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Children's Fund
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Original Publication Date: 
08 May 2020
Document type: 
Analysis Report