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South Sudan: 2016 Humanitarian Response in Review

South Sudan: 2016 Humanitarian Response in Review

Over the course of 2016, the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan deepened and spread, increasing the estimated number of people in need from 6.1 million in December 2015 to 7.5 million in December 2016. At the beginning of the year, humanitarians were responding to a crisis largely concentrated in the Greater Upper Nile. However, by year’s end, the Greater Equatoria and Greater Bahr el Ghazal were also facing rapidly rising needs, and the conflict had expanded to new areas.

More than 3.2 million South Sudanese had been forced to flee their homes by the end of 2016,including 1.85 million who were internally displaced and 1.4 million who had fled as refugees to neighbouring countries. Horrific violations against civilians, including killing, sexual and genderbased violence and recruitment of children by armed actors, were reported during the year.

Food insecurity and malnutrition reached unprecedented levels with over 4.8 million people food insecure at the height of the lean season and some 40,000 people facing catastrophic (IPC Level 5) food insecurity. The South Sudan annual Consumer Price Index increased by 835.7 per cent from October 2015 to October 2016, making the urban poor increasingly desperate and destitute. Diseases continued to spread, with cholera affecting 10 counties in 2016, compared to three in 2015.

Humanitarians were faced with an increasingly difficult and dangerous operating environment. Following the outbreak of conflict in Juba in July, there was a spike in humanitarian access challenges, with an average of nearly 88 access incidents reported per month in the second half of the year, compared to around 63 in the first half. Twenty-four aid workers were killed in 2016.

Despite these challenges, humanitarian partners assisted over 5.1 million people in 2016. This included: more than 4 million people who received food assistance; 2.5 million helped to access clean water; 2.3 million people reached with emergency livelihoods support; 954,700 people assisted with vital non-food items, including 15,214 reached in some of the hardest-to-access areas with inter-agency survival kits; around 700,000 children and pregnant and lactating women treated for acute malnutrition; over 637,000 children vaccinated against communicable diseases; and half a million children facing crisis who were supported with access to education.

The 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan was 92 per cent funded, with US$1.2 billion received. However, around $500 million was received during the final quarter of the year, and challenges were experienced in the first three quarters due to inadequate funding against rapidly increasing needs.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
01 Jun 2017
Document type: 
Periodic Monitoring Report