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Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan: Humanitarian Programme Cycle 2021 (Issued February 2021)

Response Plan Overview

People in need: 5.9 M
People targeted: 4 M
Requirements (US$): 1.09 B
Operational Partners: 363

The humanitarian situation in Somalia has worsened due to the devastating combination of conflict, as well as increasingly unpredictable and erratic weather and climate shocks including drought. Three additional shocks – a Desert Locust upsurge, extensive flooding, and the COVID-19 pandemic – deepened the scale and scope of the humanitarian crisis in 2020, and their consequences will continue to exacerbate humanitarian needs in 2021. The upsurge of Desert Locusts that began in late 2019 continued into 2020, affecting around 685,000 persons countrywide, while nearly 2 million persons were affected by floods in 2020.
In 2021, Somalia is expected to continue facing significant humanitarian challenges. Together with Somalia authorities, humanitarian partners have identified several complex threats that are likely to shape humanitarian conditions over the next year. Drought conditions are predicted due to the risks associated with the high chance of a La Niña developing through March, which will likely affect crop production and food security.
Between 76,000 and 250,000 people are projected to be displaced by floods and an estimated 190,000 people will be displaced by conflict, while there is a risk of additional displacement in case the electoral process falters, or drought conditions are particularly severe. In addition, Somalia will have to handle the impact of COVID-19 on the economy. While the overall impact of COVID-19 has been less dire than expected, the pandemic has reduced the country’s exports, revenue and remittances from abroad that millions depend on, further impacting poor households.

There will be a spike in the number of people in need in 2021, driven by climate shocks, conflict and increased vulnerability, resulting in 5.9 million people requiring humanitarian assistance. This includes 4.3 million non-displaced people, 1.6 million people displaced by conflict, insecurity, droughts and floods, as well as 109,989 refugee returnees, and 28,002 refugees and asylum seekers.

The 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan prioritizes assistance to 4 million people in the most dire need. It aims to reduce the loss of life for 3.1 million of the most severely vulnerable people, including 1 million children under 5, by decreasing the prevalence of hunger, acute malnutrition, public health threats and outbreaks, and abuse and violence by the end of 2021, including the provision of life-saving food assistance to 3.1 million IDPs and non-IDPs in crisis and emergency phases of food insecurity, while increasing access to basic services and livelihoods support. A key response priority is to ensure that 2.8 million people receive critical, lifesaving assistance so their health, nutrition and shortterm capacity to survive are not compromised. This includes children under 5, vulnerable women, persons with disabilities and the most vulnerable among IDP and non-IDP populations.

In 2020, despite operational and access challenges, humanitarian organizations provided assistance to nearly 2.3 million people out of a targeted 3 million with 82 per cent per cent of funding received ($828 million of $1.01 billion required). However, funds were not allocated evenly across clusters, and only three received more than 50 per cent of their budgetary requirements.

The 2021 HRP seeks $1.09 billion to provide life-saving assistance across Somalia. The appeal covers requirements across eight emergency clusters, spanning education, food security and livelihoods, health, logistics, non-food items (NFIs) and emergency shelter, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). It is imperative that the HRP is funded fully and early to enable a rapid and robust response across the country.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
16 Feb 2021
Document type: 
Strategic Response Plan