Why do we need the Cluster Approach? (Last updated on: 31 Mar 2020)
Good coordination strives for a needs-based, rather than capacity-driven, response. It aims to ensure a coherent and complementary approach, identifying ways to work together for better collective results.
The Cluster Approach aims to add value to humanitarian coordination through:
- Increased transparency and accountability: Greater transparency in resource allocation, co-leadership, and operational performance leads to greater accountability.
- Enhanced predictability: Sector and thematic responsibilities are now clearer, and formal mechanisms exist to clarify those areas where they are not, both at national and international level;
- Engagement with national and local authorities: Having a single person to call within the international humanitarian architecture speeds up the resolution of issues, and allows greater access for the non-governmental community to government and UN decision-makers;
- Inclusion of affected communities: Tools and services developed through theCluster Approach ensures that those who know the most appropriate solutions to their problems be engaged in formulating the response. It also gives those affected by crises access to government and decision-makers;
- More effective advocacy: Where the Clusters, singly or collectively, speak with one voice on issues of common concern, including those affecting groups who are not normally heard;
- Joint strategic and operational planning: The formal process of coordination within and between Clusters enhances efficiency while improving effectiveness.