Early Recovery in Kenya
The Early Recovery Sector in Kenya was established as part of the humanitarian response structure that was established to address the affects of post-elections violence in early 2008. The sector was dormant for some time until 2011's drought emergency re-focused humanitarian attention on the Horn of Africa. The early recovery sector was reinvigorated in July 2011, and an Early Recovery Advisor was deployed to assist the early recovery sector establish itself, and ensure early recovery approaches - encouraging humanitarian actors to consider longer term objectives into their life-saving work - was integrated into the work of all clusters in the humanitarian response and the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan (EHRP) for Kenya.
The Early Recovery Cluster was structured less as a 'vertical' cluster focusing on specific activities, but as a platform for advocacting other actors to link their activities to a longer term objectives, including preparedness and disaster risk reduction measures to mitigate the impact of future drought emergencies. The cluster advocated for early recovery approaches to be integarted in the emergency humanitarian response plan successfully, and two of the three strageic objectives referenced clearly the need to look beyond life-saving intervention and integrate resilience measures, durable solutions, and reducing risks associated with crises generally to ensure the gains of the humanitarian response are sustainable.
The Early Recovery Cluster outlined its activities in a strategic framework and a more accessible one-page concept that clearly defined the advocacy role the cluster established for itself, and the core issue of the humanitarian community working closely with national institutions and local authorities for sustainability. The Early Recovery Cluster is co-led by UNDP and the Ministry of State for Special Programmes (MoSSP), with a close relationship with the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA), a newly established body in 2012 to pay particular attention to the drought risk that continues to affect the Horn of Africa on a recurrent basis.
The cluster, along with OCHA and other agencies developed a cross-cutting guidance note identifying key issues to take into consideration to strengthen links to the development agenda to encourage agencies and NGOs to integrate longer-term objectives into their humanitarian work as required from the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan (EHRP).
Key humanitarian documents
Early recovery coordination documents
Assessments and related